The area of Uzbekistan is 172, 700 square miles ( 447, 400 square kilometers). Uzbekistan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the west and north, the Aral Sea to the north, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan to the south and east, and Turkmenistan and Afghanistanto the south. Uzbekistan is blessed with two large rivers: the Amu Darya ( Oxus), and the Syr Darya. Countries don’ t have embassies or consulates with each other. Uzbekistan was overrun by Genghis Khan in 1220. In the 1300s Timur built an empire with its capital at Samarkand. Uzbekistan' s heritage goes back about 2, 500. See full list on thoughtco. The official language of Uzbekistan is Uzbek, a Turkic language. The Uzbekistan land was once part of the ancient Persian Empire and was later conquered by Alexander the Great in the 4th centuryB.
Historically the place where modern Uzbekistan situated was called Turkestan, which is best known as the precious heart of the whole Central Asia. Uzbek is closely related to other Central Asian languages, including Turkmen, Kazakh, and Uigher ( which is spoken in western China). Prior to 1922, Uzbek was written in the Latin script, but Joseph Stalin required that all the Central Asian languages switch to the Cyrillic script. In, the territory of modern Uzbekistan became part of the Turkic Khaganate. In 6, the Eastern and Western Turkic Khaganate were conquered by the Tang Dynasty of China. During the era of the Western Turkic Khaganate, the political influence of the Turks in Sogd increased. Why does Uzbekistan have small land? In 1924, Uzbekistan became the Soviet Republic. During the soviet period, there was a massive migration of various nationalities from numerous republics. Shop Best Sellers · Shop Our Huge Selection · Deals of the Day. Uzbekistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It is itself surrounded by five landlocked countries: Kazakhstan to the north; Kyrgyzstan to the northeast; Tajikistan to the southeast; Afghanistan to the south, Turkmenistan to the south- west. Its capital and largest city is Tashkent.
Uzbekistan is part of the Turkic languages world, as well as a member of the Turkic Council. The defining catastrophe of Soviet- era environmental mismanagement is the shrinking of the Aral Sea, on the northern border of Uzbekistan. Huge quantities of water have been diverted from the Aral' s sources, the Amu Darya and Syr Darya, to irrigate such thirsty crops like cotton. As a result, the Aral Sea has lost more than 1/ 2 of its surface area. The autonomous republic of Qoraqalpoghiston ( Karakalpakstan) is located in the western third of the country. The Soviet government established the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic as a constituent ( union) republic of the U. Uzbekistan declared its independence from the Soviet Union on August 31, 1991. How did Uzbekistan got its name? In the 10th century the Turkic tribes of Transoxiana joined and their rulers, who converted to Islam, formed the dynasty of the Karakhanids. At the end of the. Uzbekistan is known for Architecture The Registan Central Asia' s most impressive ensemble comprises three huge medressas covered in stunning tilework. Khiva The atmospheric Ichon Qala is an entire walled old town of medieval minarets, mosques and palaces.
After of the invasion of the Russian Empire in the 60s of the XIX century, the Governor- General of Turkestan was founded here. On August 31, 1991, Uzbekistan gained its independence. How did Uzbekistan become a country? In 1924, national delimitation created the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic as an independent republic within the Soviet Union. Uzbekistan declared its. The first people recorded in Central Asia were Scythians who came from the northern grasslands of what is now Uzbekistan, sometime in the first millennium BC;. It was the epoch of transformations, formation of first states on the territory of two great rivers: Ancient Baktria and Great Khorezm. It was the period of. Four great creeds — Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Islam and Communism — had come via the trans- Asian caravan routes, or the Silk Road, to the land. Mustaqillik Maydoni.
The Uzbek economy is based primarily on raw materials export. Uzbekistan is a major cotton- producing country and also exports large amounts of gold, uranium, and natural gas. About 44% of the workforce is employed in agriculture, with an additional 30% in industry ( primarily extraction industries). The remaining 36% are in the services industry. The formation of Uzbekistan was accompanied by the Republican organization of the Communist Party and governmental establishment. The first chairman of the Uzbek government ( Council of People' s Commissars) was Fayzulla Khodjaev, the former jadid from Bukhara. Ivanov was appointed the first secretary of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan. Uzbekistan has a desert climate, with searing hot, dry summers and cold, somewhat wetter winters. The highest temperature ever recorded in Uzbekistan was 120 F ( 49 C). The all- time low was - 31 F ( - 35 C). As a result of these extreme temperature conditions, almost 40% of the country is uninhabitable. An additional 48% is suitable only for grazing sh. What is the Uzbekistan famous for? Genetic evidence suggests that Central Asia may have been the radiation point for modern humans after they left Africa around 100, 000 years ago. Whether that' s true or not, human history in the area stretches back at least 6, 000 years.
Tools and monuments dating back to the Stone Age have been discovered across Uzbekistan, near Tashkent, Bukhara, S. Uzbekistan is home to 30. 2 million people, the largest population in Central Asia. Eighty percent of the people are ethnic Uzbeks. The Uzbeks are a Turkic people, closely related to the neighboring Turkmen and Kazakhs. Other ethnic groups represented in Uzbekistan include Russians ( 5. 5% ), Tajiks ( 5% ), Kazakhs ( 3% ), Karakalpaks ( 2. 5% ), and Tatars ( 1.